Understanding the Effect of Ocean Acidification on Organisms
As anthropogenic CO2 builds in the atmosphere, the oceans are becoming more acidic. This change in pH (or reduction in CO3 2– ) not only affects the ocean capacity to absorb CO2, it also reduces the capability of organisms such as corals, foraminifera and shellfish to precipitate hard parts.
The effects of ocean acidification on organisms can be studied using a system that maintains constant CO2 in water at concentrations representing pre-industrial, current and various predicted future levels.
Working with Dr. Sophie Dove and Dr. David Kline with the Global Change Institute’s (GCI) Coral Reef Ecosystems Laboratory at the University of Queensland, Australia, Pro-Oceanus scientists and engineers developed two CO2 stat systems that simulate acidification conditions typical of: pre-industrial, current, and levels that are expected in the next 50 to 100 years. The larger of the two CO2 stat systems was installed on Heron Island to control CO2 levels in 7500 liter tanks of seawater in what is one of the largest and most accurately controlled ocean acidification and warming experimental systems in the world. The CO2 control system uses a CO2-Pro™ to measure pCO2 and then controls input of CO2 or air to adjust levels to the preset points. Results to date show that at higher levels of CO2 “the types of algae are different and the growth rate of the coral appears to have slowed”.
Pro-Oceanus scientists and engineers worked with University of Queensland researchers to develop a pCO2 stat system to control CO2 levels in large tanks of seawater for studying how past, current and future levels of CO2 in the atmosphere will affect coral development and coral reef growth.